Cataract is the leading cause of decreased vision and blindness
in our country. So common that the condition has various misconceptions
about cataract and its treatment.
Cataract is clouding of the eye’s natural lens. It is a
natural process of ageing. Every person gets it sooner or later. It
impairs focusing of light on the retina and hence blurs vision.
are the causes of cataract?
Factors other than ageing may cause cataract as well. Cataract
sometimes occurs relatively early in life due to factors such as injury,
excessive sunlight, toxic chemicals, changes in the body metabolism, drugs
or secondary to other eye diseases, such as glaucoma and inflammations.
There can also be hereditary predisposition to earlier occurrence of
How Cataract Affects Your Life Style:
People with cataract even when wearing glasses, typically have
There are no medicines with proven efficacy to prevent or to treat
cataract. The only effective treatment is surgical
removal of cataract. The decision to treat a cataract is reached by the eye care
practitioner and the patient together. This decision is based on the
degree to which the cataract is impairing vision and the effect of the
impairment on the patient’s quality of life. Diabetes, hypertension and other general
health problems are not a contraindication for cataract surgery. The cataract need not mature for its
What is the recommended treatment for cataract?
There is no other treatment for cataract - except surgery. There are two treatment options available for cataract.
ECCE (Conventional Method)
Requires an incision of 0-12 mm
The surgeon removes the clouded lens in
A hard rigid lens is implanted
Multiple stitches are required
Increased risk of postoperative distorted
vision and complication.
Today’s cataract surgery is a marvel of medical technology.
Often it is performed as an outpatient procedure.
It is the latest and most sophisticated
method of removing a cataract.
In the surgical procedure the clouded
cataractous lens is extracted by fragmenting it into tiny pieces with
ultrasound energy and aspirated out with a suction device.
Cataract is removed through a small self
There are no sutures applied on the eye.
Reasons to go for Phacoemulsification
Shorter overall duration of surgery.
More controlled surgery.
Less post operative discomfort.
Less induced astigmatism.
Minimum post operative restrictions.
Perfect early restoration of vision
More satisfied patient and surgeon.
Who are the candidates for Phacoemulsification
Phacoemulsification can be done in any situation except in
some very advanced hard cataracts.
Sooner the better Consult your doctor if you are above 40 years with the
Blurring or dimness of vision for
distance and near
Sensitivity to light and glare.
Feeling of “Film” over the eyes.
Frequent changing of glasses.
Cataract extraction by Phacoemulsification through a 2.8 mm
incision and implanting a foldable intraocular lens is a definite
technological advancement and a giant leap towards technological
The lens is injected into the eye through a small opening and
it opens up within the eye like a flower.
Wound healing is very fast.
Wound stability is far better since the
entire surgery in done through a very small keyhole opening.
Induced astigmatism is minimal.
Decreases glare because of the superior
surface quality of the lens.
It is the latest advancement in cataract surgery by which the
foldable intraocular lens takes care of distance vision, Intermediate
vision and near vision. So that most often patient can perform all his
activities without any external aid.
It increases the depth of foldable
Has all the advantages of foldable
Is the first and only lens that can
potentially restore a full range of vision for cataract patients.
Most cataract patients regain near normal
vision after cataract surgery.
Have your eyes examined regularly,
especially after the age of 40.
Recognize cataract symptoms.
Seek prompt treatment.
Consult your eye surgeon.
Only the eye surgeon can determine the type
of lens best suited for the patient depending on the general health of the